DEFINITION of ‘Scientific Management’
Management of an organization or workplace in order to increase economic and/or industrial efficiency. Also known as Taylorism, scientific management is the application of scientific methods to a workplace in order to improve efficiency through systematic improvement of task completion. For example, Standardization of job roles and predefined activities, combined with appropriate workforce training and job allocation, allows a more efficient workforce and increased productivity.
BREAKING DOWN ‘Scientific Management’
In early 1900, scientific management principles were “born” by an American mechanical engineer, called Frederick Winslow Taylor. The principles are as followed:
1- Science, not the rule of thumb: An organization must continually strive for and shift to more efficient ways of conducting work rather than continuing on the same old routines.
2- Efficient training: Each man/woman must be trained based on his/her abilities and interests to achieve the highest potential and enthusiasm at work.
3- Harmony and equal division of work: The job responsibilities should be divided equally between management and workers. Management should assume responsibility for all the work he/she is best suited for rather than placing all the workload on the workmen.
4- Cooperation rather than individualism: In order to increase workers´ involvement and sense of responsibility, all tasks pertaining to work must take place in a spirit of teamwork and mutual cooperation.